The Dot being a basic compound for graphic design allows for a relationship of special awareness on any plane or space. One this design element hits the page it immediately forms a relationship, especially when alone, with whom it comes in contact with. Generally it’s the shape of the object that will determine its property as a dot, having a centralized focal point is what will generally give this away. This is how some patterns can be easily demonstrated using the dot as a “template” toward getting the overall form down of a shape and then replacing the dots with associated or a single image. What are some objects that are around you that you can find that represent dots or circles?
A dot centered on a page can evoke a sense of weightlessness on a given surface. This can also display a means of simplicity by having a 1 on 1 conversation. If the dot is removed from the center then this can also create a pivot point for any additional elements you might like to add.
As the dot moves from its original center then you have a growth in the tension of the object as it moves closer toward the edge of the plane. The more dots you have on the page the more of a chaotic factor comes into play of the conveying message.
But that’s not all, the dots will be clearly associated in accordance t their proximity toward one another. The closer the dot the more immediate association it has to its neighbor.
Be aware that there are several additional factors when combined with other elements that will affect the perception the original idea.